Why Does Smoking Cause a Rise in Blood Pressure ?
Did you know that smoking increases your blood pressure? Most people associate cigarette smoking with breathing problems and lung cancer. But, people who smoke are also more likely to develop hypertension. The truth is, heart problems are more common than cancer is when it comes to side effects from smoking. About 30% of all deaths from heart disease in the U.S. are directly related to cigarette smoking. That’s because smoking is a major cause of coronary artery disease especially in younger people.
A person’s risk of heart attack greatly increases with the number of cigarettes he or she smokes and the longer a person smokes, the greater their risk of heart attack. People who smoke a pack of cigarettes a day have more than twice the risk of heart attack than non-smokers. Women who smoke and also take birth control pills increase several times their risk of heart attack, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease.
Smoking tobacco causes blood pressure to rise in several different ways. One way that smoking tobacco raises blood pressure is by causing blood vessels to become narrower. When blood vessels are narrow, the blood flow is constricted and the heart must work more vigorously to pump the blood through the vessels. When the heart works harder, blood pressure increases.
Those who smoke and have developed high blood pressure should make every attempt to quit as it could be extremely detrimental to their health to continue.